This group comprises typefaces imitating the style of medieval Cyrillic handwritings produced by a broad nib pen widespread mainly in Eastern and Southern Europe in the 10th-18th centuries. There exist four major styles of Cyrillic hands: Ustav, Half-Ustav, Skoropis’ and Vyaz’ as well as their transitional forms. First Cyrillic printing types from the 15th-16th centuries replicated the form of scribal Half-Ustav. After type reform of Peter I (early 18th century) Half-Ustav type was preserved only for religious literature. Based on historical prototypes derivative designs of Old Slavonian types were issued. Now they are used mainly as display faces.
This group includes typefaces imitating medieval handwriting with broad nib pen. It was used mainly in Northern Europe. Their letters are characterized by narrow proportions, strong contrast, angular strokes, considerable weight and high decorative features. There are several major Black letter forms: Textura, Rotunda, Bastarda, Schwabacher, Fractur and Kanzlei. The first printed types of the 15th century were close to the form of widely spread Black letter hands and were in use together with Roman typefaces till the 20th century. Nowadays Black letter are used mainly for display matter.
Display and text faces imitating definite historical face styles.
Display typefaces having reverse contrast (horizontal strokes are thicker than vertical). They were issued in the first half of the 19th century, but became very popular during late 19th – early 20th centuries for display matter. Sometimes they are attributed to Slab Serif group. As a rule there are no oblique styles there.
Display and text faces having triangular serifs, sometimes bracketed. They were originally designed in England in the first half of the 19th century.
Display and text faces designed in the late 19th – early 20th centuries or later based on Art Nouveau aesthetics (Jugendstil, Secession). Chararacterized by asymmetrical, intricate and flowing lines, exaggerated elements, rejection of classical principles, search for new forms.
Display faces typical for 1920s or designed later based on Art Deco principles, characterized by exaggerated contrast or altered proportions. Normally there are neither oblique nor italic styles there.
Display faces based on Op Art style with optical effects. Normally there are no oblique styles there.