The stroke attached to the bowl of the lowercase g. Some typographers use the same term for the lowercase r.

Egyptian Serif

Letterforms having square serifs and almost uniform thickness of strokes. The first known Egyptian was found among London type-founder Vincent Figgins’ specimen of 1815. Named after 1799 Egyptian campaign of Napoleon Bonapart when Europeans discovered the civilization of Ancient Egypt. Also the name ‘Egyptian’ may be connected to the captured French frigate ‘Egyptienne’ taken to London in 1802 as a trophy.


A punctuation mark made up of three dots in a row, indicating that a word or phrase has been omitted.

Em dash

A dash of the width of the letter «M». It's used in text to separate a parenthetical note as an alternate to parenthesis. Also it is often used to indicate a break in a sentence.

Em quad

A square the size of a capital letter M.

Em rule

A rule of em quod width.

Em space

In linear measure, a distance equal to the type size, and in square measure, the square of the type size. Thus an em is 12pt (or a 12 pt square) in 12 pt type. Also called mutton.

Em units

Measuring units in PostScript fonts, whose size is defined as 1/1000 of the font's em square.

En dash

A dash of the length of the letter N. It is used to indicate a range of values.

En space

A space horizontally equal to the half of the type size, and vertically equal to the type size. Also called nut.


Suite of characters in definite order. Usually Encoding contains a character set that covers languages of similar alphabets. Due to historical reasons two main computer platforms — Mac and Windows use close by set, but different by order encodings for fonts. Parallel encodings — Windows Western and Mac Roman contain the caps and lower case of English alphabet, national letters of the most European languages (Danish, Dutch, French, German, Irish, Iceland, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, etc.), figures, punctuation marks, ligatures and other sorts.

English Old Style Serif

The faces were created in England in the first of the 18th century based on the Dutch old style faces of the 17th century. There was London typographer and punch cutter William Caslon the Elder (1692–1766) who designed a new face about 1722. It generally has more contrast, with a somewhat variable axis, and more slope of italic. Serifs were finer and more sharp. Caslon's old-style designs are still in use and widely adapted.


Letter ß — “double s” ligature. Used in German.

Euro symbol

As of 01/28/2002, the official symbol for European currency — Euro.

Exclamation mark, Astonisher

A punctuation mark expressing rising intonation. Usually the exclamation mark is used after the phrase, but in some languages as in Spanish the inverted exclamation mark is used also at the beginning of the phrase. In England the exclamation mark is often called a screamer.

Expert font

An additional font designed to accompany a standard font, providing a range of characters not included in the standard character map. With expert fonts installed, you break the 256-character barrier and can usually achieve the typographic richness of metal, with ligatures, small capitals, old-style figures, etc. Expert fonts are useless without their companion standard fonts.


Descenders and ascenders; i.e., the parts of the letterform that extend below the baseline (p, q) or above it (b, d).

Extreme point

The highest, the lowest, and the maximal leftside and rightside points of a character contour.


Synonym for bowl. But large eye means large x-height. Open eye means large aperture. Also the enclosed part of the lowercase ‘e’.