Short for ‘typeface’; the style of a font or set of character images, eg. italic.

Facsimile Revival

Type: a reissue of a historic typeface with all the imperfections and idiosycrasies of the original model.


The signs that mark numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0. That symbols are included into the standard Latin character set and into character sets of many other alphabet systems. There are several kinds of typographic figures. For example they may be Lining or Oldstyle, Tabular or Proportional ones. There are Superior figures and Inferior figures too.


A typographic flower or ornament.

Font attributes

Characteristics which apply to the font as a whole (such as the ascent, descent, leading, etc.).


The way of letterform digital description, also the way of its encoding. Examples: PostScript Type 1, TrueType, OpenType.

Foundry type

Metal type for repeated hand setting and therefore cast from a harder alloy than mechanically composed type.

Fraction bar


A class of blackletter types. Fraktur appeared in Germany in the beginning of the 16th century and was widely used until the middle of the 20th century. Lowercase forms are narrow with double break and large x-height. There are a lot of calligraphic shapes with swashes and curls. The round lowercase have a vertical stem with double break on one side and a curved line with one break on the other side. Ascenders often have two-sided terminal, descenders are sharp. Caps are wide and very complicated, with a lot of rounded shapes, calligraphic swashes, diamonds and curls.