Typefaces imitating handwriting or calligraphic style that do not fall under Black letter or Old Russian thus forming separate groups. Scripts are subdivided into groups depending on writing tools: simulation of broad nib or pointed pen, brush or other tools (pencil, felt pen, ball-point pen, etc.). Besides, scripts may be connected (maintaining connections between the individual letters) and disconnected (every letter is separate). Intermediate (semi-connected, or trailing) forms are also possible. In this case only some letters are connected or connection is unilateral. Scripts are used for display matter or school books (copy-books) printing.
Display typefaces imitating broad-nib pen handwriting. They were spread since the end of the 19th century when English painter and calligrapher Edward Johnston revived medieval handwriting technique (broad-nib pen) – the basis for Italian humanist handwriting that gave rise to Old Style typefaces.
Display typefaces imitating steel pointed pen handwriting style. They were spread in England since the 18th century after the invention of metal engraving and lithographic printing; therefore it is also called “English calligraphy” or Spenserian. Originally it was a connected handwriting distinguished by strong contrast, swashes and hair strokes, later on semi-connected and disconnected styles arose. Till the mid-20th century this handwriting style was trained at primary school in Russia.
Display typefaces imitating non-contrast writing, for instance with ball-point pen, rough brush, pencil, felt pen, etc. There are multiple connected and disconnected styles.
Display typefaces imitating soft brush drawing. There exist multiple connected and disconnected styles, normally with strong contrast.
Display typefaces imitating handwriting of a definite person, including famous writers, painters, rock stars and other public figures.
Hand. Display typefaces imitating handwriting of a definite person, including famous writers, painters, rock stars and other public figures.